Rwenzori sub-region has been seen as one of the volatile areas where a family dispute can spark off clashes between families, ethnic groups or even with security forces. The Rwenzori conflict seems steeped in a complex mix of tribal hegemony, the land question, cultural superiority and politics.
Violence in the Rwenzori has left many dead, others displaced with houses burnt. Despite heavy police and military deployment to calm the situation down, killings and human rights violations have remained eminent. It is important to note that a military solution treats the symptoms not root causes. There is need for genuine dialogue among communities in conflict, mediated by a team of experts to give chance for a community response to take its course. To allow community response, RWECO with support from HIVOS have come up to ensure community action to prevent and manage conflicts and human rights violations in the Rwenzori region.
A team of approximately 16 researchers has been trained by RWECO to carry out a baseline survey in the four districts of Bundibugyo, Ntoroko, Kamwenge and Kasese to deeply trace for the root causes of the escalating tension, anarchy, pressure, chaos, terror and grievances among the natives of the great Rwenzori. This training took place at Uhuru 50 Hotel in Kasese district on 25th to 26th July 2016 which aimed at equipping the researchers with full knowledge on how the survey is going to be conducted, quality data collections processes, limitations, anticipations, methodology and review of the research instruments were all discussed.